A national climate change research strategy for primary industries : phase 1 report
Australia’s primary industries are projected to be significantly affected by climate change. The changes in climate over the next few decades will be substantial, but the effects will vary across the country. Some regions will experience average warming of up to 1.8ºC by 2030; in other areas average rainfall will decrease as much as 40 per cent by 2070 (compared to 1990). These impacts must be understood to minimise risk and maximise opportunities. Australian and international policies, programs and market expectations in response to climate change will also affect primary industries. For example, primary industries contribute an estimated 22 per cent of Australia’s total greenhouse gas emissions and will need to reduce these emissions or provide valuable offsets in response to both government policy and market demands. However, the primary industries have a strong history of adaptation and change to overcome threats and take advantage of new opportunities. The development of this strategy has been funded by all 15 rural Research and Development Corporations (RDCs) (through the Council of Chairs), CSIRO, all state and territory governments and the Commonwealth Government (through the Primary Industries Standing Committee Research and Development Subcommittee). The research strategy identifies areas for industry and government collaboration, and will be used as a guide for developing more specific research and development plans by a number of Australian government, research and industry stakeholders.