Reducing the Australian sugar industry's genetic vulnerability to sugarcane smut : SRDC final report BSS256
Sugarcane smut was recorded for the first time in Australia in July 1998 in the Ord River Irrigation Area (ORIA) and was identified in the Bundaberg/Isis, Central and Herbert regions of Queensland in 2006. Sugarcane smut can cause losses from 30-100% in susceptible varieties. The objective of this project was to rate Australian commercial varieties, advanced selections in the BSES/CSIRO selection programs, and parental clones for resistance to smut. The ratings will be used to provide smut- resistant varieties to the Australian sugar industry and to assist the breeding program to increase the frequency of smut-resistant genes in breeding populations.This project continues the work commenced in the SRDC project BSS214 Screening of Australian Germplasm for Resistance to Sugarcane Smut. The smut-screening trials were conducted on Madura Island by the Indonesian Sugar Research Institute (ISRI) under contract to BSES.